Reappraisal is an effective emotion regulation strategy in children with Tourette syndrome and ADHD

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Standard

Reappraisal is an effective emotion regulation strategy in children with Tourette syndrome and ADHD. / Hagstrøm, Julie; Maigaard, Katrine; Pagsberg, Anne Katrine; Skov, Liselotte; Plessen, Kerstin Jessica; Vangkilde, Signe.

I: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Bind 68, 101541, 2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hagstrøm, J, Maigaard, K, Pagsberg, AK, Skov, L, Plessen, KJ & Vangkilde, S 2020, 'Reappraisal is an effective emotion regulation strategy in children with Tourette syndrome and ADHD', Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, bind 68, 101541. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101541

APA

Hagstrøm, J., Maigaard, K., Pagsberg, A. K., Skov, L., Plessen, K. J., & Vangkilde, S. (2020). Reappraisal is an effective emotion regulation strategy in children with Tourette syndrome and ADHD. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 68, [101541]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101541

Vancouver

Hagstrøm J, Maigaard K, Pagsberg AK, Skov L, Plessen KJ, Vangkilde S. Reappraisal is an effective emotion regulation strategy in children with Tourette syndrome and ADHD. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 2020;68. 101541. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101541

Author

Hagstrøm, Julie ; Maigaard, Katrine ; Pagsberg, Anne Katrine ; Skov, Liselotte ; Plessen, Kerstin Jessica ; Vangkilde, Signe. / Reappraisal is an effective emotion regulation strategy in children with Tourette syndrome and ADHD. I: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 2020 ; Bind 68.

Bibtex

@article{fb393035d37840bd9144bf247349ddf0,
title = "Reappraisal is an effective emotion regulation strategy in children with Tourette syndrome and ADHD",
abstract = "Background and objectives: Difficulties in emotion regulation (ER) have been associated with several psychiatric disorders, emphasizing a need for a greater understanding of the concept and its associations with disruptive behavior. We aimed to study the ER strategy of cognitive reappraisal with an experimental test to increase our knowledge of emotional processes in child psychopathology. Methods: In the present study, we examined emotional reactivity and cognitive reappraisal with a computer task in 160 medication-na{\"i}ve children aged 8–12 comprising four groups: Fifty-eight children with Tourette syndrome (TS), 26 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 19 children with TS and ADHD, and 57 typically developing controls. Results: The use of cognitive reappraisal reduced negative affect across all participants and the ability to reappraise was positively correlated with age, whereas reactivity was not. Overall, groups did not differ in reactivity or regulation success. Looking at specific differences within groups, however, only the ADHD group did not significantly decrease negative affect when reappraising. Finally, the use of strategies considered to be efficacious was correlated with regulation success, whereas the use of a less adaptive strategy related to suppression was associated with reactivity, but not regulation of emotions. Limitations: The study was limited by small, clinical contrast groups and a lack of blinding to diagnostic status in the coding of verbal strategies employed during the task. Conclusions: Cognitive reappraisal appears to be a beneficial ER strategy for children regardless of diagnostic status. Our findings indicate that children can learn and employ an adaptive ER strategy when instructed in the technique, even in the presence of attention problems, which is highly relevant to therapeutic approaches to dysregulated behavior.",
keywords = "ADHD, Emotion regulation, Reactivity, Reappraisal, Tourette syndrome",
author = "Julie Hagstr{\o}m and Katrine Maigaard and Pagsberg, {Anne Katrine} and Liselotte Skov and Plessen, {Kerstin Jessica} and Signe Vangkilde",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101541",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
journal = "Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry",
issn = "0005-7916",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reappraisal is an effective emotion regulation strategy in children with Tourette syndrome and ADHD

AU - Hagstrøm, Julie

AU - Maigaard, Katrine

AU - Pagsberg, Anne Katrine

AU - Skov, Liselotte

AU - Plessen, Kerstin Jessica

AU - Vangkilde, Signe

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Background and objectives: Difficulties in emotion regulation (ER) have been associated with several psychiatric disorders, emphasizing a need for a greater understanding of the concept and its associations with disruptive behavior. We aimed to study the ER strategy of cognitive reappraisal with an experimental test to increase our knowledge of emotional processes in child psychopathology. Methods: In the present study, we examined emotional reactivity and cognitive reappraisal with a computer task in 160 medication-naïve children aged 8–12 comprising four groups: Fifty-eight children with Tourette syndrome (TS), 26 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 19 children with TS and ADHD, and 57 typically developing controls. Results: The use of cognitive reappraisal reduced negative affect across all participants and the ability to reappraise was positively correlated with age, whereas reactivity was not. Overall, groups did not differ in reactivity or regulation success. Looking at specific differences within groups, however, only the ADHD group did not significantly decrease negative affect when reappraising. Finally, the use of strategies considered to be efficacious was correlated with regulation success, whereas the use of a less adaptive strategy related to suppression was associated with reactivity, but not regulation of emotions. Limitations: The study was limited by small, clinical contrast groups and a lack of blinding to diagnostic status in the coding of verbal strategies employed during the task. Conclusions: Cognitive reappraisal appears to be a beneficial ER strategy for children regardless of diagnostic status. Our findings indicate that children can learn and employ an adaptive ER strategy when instructed in the technique, even in the presence of attention problems, which is highly relevant to therapeutic approaches to dysregulated behavior.

AB - Background and objectives: Difficulties in emotion regulation (ER) have been associated with several psychiatric disorders, emphasizing a need for a greater understanding of the concept and its associations with disruptive behavior. We aimed to study the ER strategy of cognitive reappraisal with an experimental test to increase our knowledge of emotional processes in child psychopathology. Methods: In the present study, we examined emotional reactivity and cognitive reappraisal with a computer task in 160 medication-naïve children aged 8–12 comprising four groups: Fifty-eight children with Tourette syndrome (TS), 26 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 19 children with TS and ADHD, and 57 typically developing controls. Results: The use of cognitive reappraisal reduced negative affect across all participants and the ability to reappraise was positively correlated with age, whereas reactivity was not. Overall, groups did not differ in reactivity or regulation success. Looking at specific differences within groups, however, only the ADHD group did not significantly decrease negative affect when reappraising. Finally, the use of strategies considered to be efficacious was correlated with regulation success, whereas the use of a less adaptive strategy related to suppression was associated with reactivity, but not regulation of emotions. Limitations: The study was limited by small, clinical contrast groups and a lack of blinding to diagnostic status in the coding of verbal strategies employed during the task. Conclusions: Cognitive reappraisal appears to be a beneficial ER strategy for children regardless of diagnostic status. Our findings indicate that children can learn and employ an adaptive ER strategy when instructed in the technique, even in the presence of attention problems, which is highly relevant to therapeutic approaches to dysregulated behavior.

KW - ADHD

KW - Emotion regulation

KW - Reactivity

KW - Reappraisal

KW - Tourette syndrome

U2 - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101541

DO - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101541

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31855740

AN - SCOPUS:85076336162

VL - 68

JO - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

SN - 0005-7916

M1 - 101541

ER -

ID: 233720612